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The Spanish Apartment
The “Spanish Apartment” arose 1895 below Archduke Friedrich as the home condominium of the Spanish royal relatives. Lodged right here right until 1918 Frederick’s sister Maria Christine (1858-1929), wife of the died in 1885 Spanish King Alfonso XII, and her in 1886 born son Alfonso XIII. throughout her recurrent stays in Vienna.
Spanish Apartment © AnnA BlaU Furnishings: On long term financial loan from the MAK-Austrian Museum of Applied Arts/Modern day Artwork
Thanks to a war damage, of the when seven chambers comprehending condominium immediately after 1952 only two rooms have been preserved, the Tiny and the Substantial Apartment that are now again outfitted with their unique furnitures of Joseph Danhauser.
www.albertina.at / das_palais / prunkraeume / spanisches_appart …
The architectural record of the Palais
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Image: The oldest photographic check out of the newly made Palais Archduke Albrecht, 1869
“It is my will that the growth of the internal town of Vienna with regard to a ideal connection of the identical with the suburbs as shortly as doable is tackled and at this on Regulirung (regulation) and beautifying of my Home and Imperial Money is taken into account. To this conclude I grant the withdrawal of the ramparts and fortifications of the internal town and the trenches about the identical”.
This decree of Emperor Franz Joseph I, printed on twenty five December 1857 in the Wiener Zeitung, formed the foundation for the most significant the surface area concerning and architecturally most substantial transformation of the Viennese cityscape. Involving quite a few renowned domestic and foreign architects a “master plan” took type, which involved the design of a boulevard in its place of the ramparts in between the internal town and its radially upstream suburbs. In the 50-many years throughout implementation phase, an extraordinary architectural ensemble produced, consisting of imperial and non-public representational properties, public administration and cultural properties, churches and barracks, marking the era below the time period “ring-street type”. Presently in the first yr tithe decided a senior member of the Austrian imperial relatives to enhance the facades of his palace according to the new style ideas, and as a result licensed the aristocratic assert that this also “historicism” mentioned type on the portion of the imperial house was attributed.
Image: The Aged Albertina immediately after 1920
It was the palace of Archduke Albrecht (1817-1895), the Senior of the Habsburg Loved ones Council, who as Industry Marshal held the total command more than the Austro-Hungarian army. The creating was incorporated into the imperial home of the Hofburg intricate, forming the south-west corner and extending eleven meters earlier mentioned street amount on the so-called Augustinerbastei.
The shut proximity of the palace to the imperial home corresponded not only with Emperor Franz Joseph I and Archduke Albert with a shut familial relationship in between the proprietor of the palace and the monarch. Even the previous inhabitants were constantly in shut relationship to the imperial relatives, whether by delivery or marriage. An exception right here again proves the rule: Don Emanuel Teles da Silva Conde Tarouca (1696-1771), for which Maria Theresa in 1744 the palace had created, was just a shut friend and advisor of the monarch. Silva Tarouca underpins the rule with a second exception, since he belonged to the administrative services as Generalhofbaudirektor (typical court architect) and President of the Austrian-Dutch administration, while all other him subsequent owners were maximum rating army.
In the annals of Austrian record, especially people of army record, they both went into as commander of the Imperial Military, or the Austrian, afterwards kk Military. In chronological order, this applies to Duke Carl Alexander of Lorraine, the brother-of-law of Maria Theresa, as Imperial Marshal, her son-in-law Duke Albert of Saxe-Teschen, also field marshal, whos adopted son, Archduke Charles of Austria, the previous imperial field marshal and only Generalissimo of Austria, his son Archduke Albrecht of Austria as Feldmarschalil and army Supreme commander, and most not long ago his nephew Archduke Friedrich of Austria, who held as field marshal from 1914 to 1916 the command of the Austro-Hungarian troops. Inspite of their army career, all five generals conceived by themselves as patrons of the arts and promoted huge sums of cash to create huge collections, the design of wonderful properties and cultural daily life. Charles Alexander of Lorraine promoted as governor of the Austrian Netherlands from 1741 to 1780 the Academy of Wonderful Arts, the Théâtre de Ja Monnaie and the organizations Bourgeois Concert and Concert Noble, he founded the Academie royale et imperial des Sciences et des Lettres, opened the Bibliotheque Royal for the inhabitants and supported artistic skills with substantial scholarships. World fame acquired his porcelain collection, which having said that had to be bought by Emperor Joseph II to fork out off his debts. Duke Albert commenced in 1776 according to the notion of conte Durazzo to established up an encyclopedic collection of prints, which types the core of the entire world-well known “Albertina” these days.
Image : Duke Albert and Archduchess Marie Christine display in relatives cercle the from Italy brought together artwork, 1776. Frederick Henry Füger.
1816 declared to Fideikommiss and as a result in upcoming indivisible, inalienable and inseparable, the collection 1822 passed into the possession of Archduke Carl, who, like his descendants, it broadened. Under him, the collection was released jointly with the sumptuously outfitted palace on the Augustinerbastei in the so-called “Carl Ludwig’schen fideicommissum in 1826, by which the creating and the in it saved collection fused into an indissoluble unity. At this time had from the Palais Tarouca by structural growth or acquisition a veritable Residenz palace developed. Duke Albert of Saxe-Teschen was first in 1800 the 3rd ground of the adjacent Augustinian convent wing adapted to house his collection and he had immediately after 1802 by his Belgian architect Louis de Montoyer at the suburban aspect created a wonderful extension, called the wing of staterooms, it was outfitted in the type of Louis XVI. Only two many years afterwards, Archduke Carl the complete palace newly established up. In accordance to scetches of the architect Joseph Kornhäusel the 1822-1825 retreaded premises presented by themselves in the Empire type. The interior of the palace testified from now in an extraordinary way the substantial rank and the notable position of its proprietor. Under Archduke Albrecht the outer physical appearance also really should fulfill the specifications. He had the facade of the palace in the type of historicism orchestrated and extra to the Palais entrance versus the suburbs an offshore covered access. Inside, he restricted himself, apart from the redesign of the Rococo space in the way of the second Blondel type, to the retention of the paternal stock. Archduke Friedrich’s plans for an growth of the palace were omitted, having said that, since of the outbreak of the 1st World War so that his contribution to the state rooms, especially, consists in the structure of the Spanish condominium, which he in 1895 for his sister, the Queen of Spain Maria Christina, had established up as a long term home.
Photo: The “audience space” immediately after the restoration: Photo: The “balcony space” about 1990
The era of stately representation with handing down their cultural values found its most clear visualization within the palace through the style and features of the staterooms. On one hand, by the use of the finest supplies and the purchase of masterfully produced pieces of gear, such as on the other hand by the long term reuse of more mature gear parts. This time period lasted right until 1919, when Archduke Friedrich was expropriated by the newly founded Republic of Austria. With the republicanization of the collection and the creating first of all concluded the custom that the owner’s name was synonymous with the creating name:
Following Palais Tarouca or tarokkisches house it was called Lorraine Residence, later on Duke Albert Palais and Palais Archduke Carl. Thanks to the new design of an adjacently located administration creating it gained in 1865 the prefix “Upper” and was referred to as Upper Palais Archduke Albrecht and Upper Palais Archduke Frederick. For the state a distinctive reference to the Habsburg previous was undoubtedly politically no longer opportune, which is why was decided to name the creating according to the in it saved collection “Albertina”.
Photo: The “Wedgwood Cabinet” immediately after the restoration: Photo: the “Wedgwood Cabinet” in the Palais Archduke Friedrich, 1905
This name derives from the time period “La Assortment Albertina” which had been utilised by the gallery Inspector Maurice von Thausing in 1870 in the Gazette des Beaux-Arts for the previous graphics collection of Duke Albert. For this purpose, it was the first time since the foundation of the palace that the name of the collection had come to be synonymous with the space shell. Room shell, therefore, since the Republic of Austria Archduke Friedrich had permitted to get together all the movable merchandise from the palace in his Hungarian exile: crystal chandeliers, curtains and carpets as very well as sculptures, vases and clocks. Particularly stressed really should be the beautiful home furnishings, which stems of 3 facilities phases: the Louis XVI furnitures of Duke Albert, which had been produced on the foundation of fraternal relations in between his wife Archduchess Marie Christine and the French Queen Marie Antoinette immediately after 1780 in the French Hofmanufakturen, also the on behalf of Archduke Charles 1822-1825 in the Vienna Porcelain Manufactory by Joseph Danhauser created Empire furnitures and thirdly additions of the identical type of Archduke Friedrich, which this about 1900 at Portois & Ffix as very well as at Friedrich Otto Schmidt had commissioned.
The “swept clear” creating acquired because of to the strained monetary scenario immediately after the 1st World War at first only a makeshift facility. However, since right until 1999 no revision of the emergency gear took put, but in another way made, principally the utilitarianism fully commited office furnitures complementarily had been extra, the gear of the previous state rooms presented by itself at the conclude of the twentieth century as an inhomogeneous administrative mingle-mangle of insignificant parts, in which, having said that, dwelt a specific quaint allure. From the wonderful state rooms had developed depots, storage rooms, a library, a review hall and quite a few officed.
Image: The Albertina Graphic Arts Assortment and the Philipphof immediately after the American bombing of 12 März 1945.
Image: The palace immediately after the demolition of the entrance facade, 1948-52
Worse it strike the outer physical appearance of the palace, since in periods of ongoing anti-Habsburg sentiment immediately after the 2nd World War and impressed by an intolerant destruction will, it arrived by pickaxe to a ministerial erasure of record. In contrast to the graphic collection possessed the richly embellished facades with the conspicuous insignia of the previous proprietor an item-immanent reference to the Habsburg previous and as a result exhibited the monarchial traditions and values of the era of Francis Joseph significantly. As portion of the remedial actions immediately after a bomb damage, in 1948 the aristocratic, by Archduke Albert initiated, historicist facade structuring together with all decorations was cut off, lots of facade figures demolished and the Hapsburg crest emblems plunged to the ground. Considering that in addition the outdated ramp also had been cancelled and the primary entrance of the bastion amount had been moved down to the second basement storey at street amount, ended the presence of the outdated Archduke’s palace immediately after a lot more than 200 many years. At the reopening of the “Albertina Graphic Assortment” in 1952, the previous Hapsburg Palais of splendour presented by itself as one of his id robbed, formally trivial, soulless space shell, whose effective republicanization an outsized and also unproportional eagle earlier mentioned the new primary entrance to the Augustinian road symbolized. The emocratic throw of monuments had wiped out the Hapsburg